In the present study, a novel working memory (WM) training paradigm was used to test the malleability of WM capacity and to determine the extent to which the benefits of this training could be transferred to other cognitive skills.
Transfer of learning after updating training mediated by the striatum
Thus, PI susceptibility was generally reduced in the two training groups and there was no difference between WM training with high versus low PI demands.
Further, there was no differential near or far transfer on non-trained tasks, neither immediately after the training nor in the follow-up.
Immediate transfer was assessed directly after training; a follow-up measurement was conducted after two months.
Both groups similarly improved in PI resistance in both training tasks.
(au format RIS)- Export au format Bib Te X- Export au format txt- Export vers Zotero (cliquez sur l'icone zotero affichée en barre d'adresse pour importer dans zotero)- Export vers Mendeley (importez dans mendeley via le Web Importer -cf training can improve performance on untrained tasks, but the magnitude of gain is variable and often there is no transfer at all.
Working memory (WM) performance is often decreased in older adults.
Why are we no better at remembering faces when we have been training our memory for words?
Scientists now show in the journal Science that the answer lies in the brain areas activated by each task.
The transfer effect was limited, but in the younger group transfer was observed to another test involving memory updating.
To examine the neural systems involved, the scientists studied their subjects’ brains using functional magnetic resonance imaging before and after training.
PI-demands in WM training tasks do not seem critical for enhancing WM performance or PI resistance in older adults.