The number of labor inspectors is insufficient for the size of Sri Lanka’s workforce, which includes over 9 million workers.According to the ILO’s recommendation of 1 inspector for every 20,000 workers in transitioning economies, Sri Lanka should employ roughly 453 inspectors.(28-30) In 2016, for the first time, the Department of Labor targeted establishments with a high risk of hazardous child labor by conducting 380 inspections at 450 establishments.(12) In 2016, criminal law enforcement agencies in Sri Lanka took actions to combat the worst forms of child labor (Table 7). Criminal Law Enforcement Efforts Related to the Worst Forms of Child Labor The Children and Women’s Bureau of the Sri Lankan Police (CWBSLP) is staffed by 45 officers in 36 of the country’s 460 police stations. 81 calls for a “sufficient number” of inspectors to do the work required.
In police stations without CWBSLP representation, the officer in charge oversees all the functions of the CWBSLP.(22) In addition, the National Child Protection Authority (NCPA) Special Police Investigating Unit has approximately 40 police officers who investigate complaints involving children, including child labor. , CIA, [online] [cited February 21, 2017]; https://gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/fields/2095.html#131. Geneva, Committee on Employment and Social Policy; November 2006. As each country assigns different priorities of enforcement to its inspectors, there is no official definition for a “sufficient” number of inspectors. For analytical purposes, the Development Policy and Analysis Division (DPAD) of the Department of Economic and Social Affairs of the United Nations Secretariat (UN/DESA) classifies all countries of the world into one of three broad categories: developed economies, economies in transition, and developing countries. "Sri Lanka Faces Impatience in US Over Rights Record." [online] May 19, 2012 [cited May 23, 2012]; UN Office of the Special Representative of the Secretary-General for Children and Armed Conflict.
The agency also has approximately 300 child protection officers based in the districts who are tasked with preventing child exploitation and victim protection.(12) However, both the CWBSLP and the NCPA face a shortage of funds that affects their ability to carry out their mandates.(22) Research has found no evidence that the Government of Sri Lanka has investigated, prosecuted, or convicted individuals from non-state armed groups who recruited children in the past for use in armed conflict.(32-35) The Government has established mechanisms to coordinate its efforts to address child labor, including its worst forms (Table 8). Key Mechanisms to Coordinate Government Efforts on Child Labor Coordinate the implementation of the Roadmap to End the Worst Forms of Child Labor, the Government’s key policy document for the elimination of the worst forms of child labor. Data provided is the most recent estimate of the country’s total labor force. Amongst the factors that need to be taken into account are the number and size of establishments and the total size of the workforce. The composition of these groupings is intended to reflect basic economic country conditions.
However, a gap exists in Sri Lanka’s legal framework to adequately protect children from child labor. Laws and Regulations on Child Labor *No conscription (19) In 2016, Sri Lanka raised the compulsory age of education from 14 to 16 years.(17, 18) There are no laws regulating employment in third-party households, leaving children ages 14 to 18 who are employed as domestic workers vulnerable to exploitation.(7) The Government has established institutional mechanisms for the enforcement of laws and regulations on child labor, including its worst forms (Table 5).
However, gaps in labor law and criminal law enforcement remain and some enforcement information is not available. Agencies Responsible for Child Labor Law Enforcement Enforce child labor laws and receive public complaints of child labor filed in national and district-level offices.
Prince Vijaya and his followers occupied the lands of the native Veddah people.
Repeated incursions by South Indians, particularly the Cholas, into Sri Lankan territory occurred throughout the next few centuries and led to the engagement of the rival forces in battle.
In 2016, data were collected and analyzed for Sri Lanka’s Child Activity Survey.(13) For additional information, please see our Web site. This ratio is the total number of new entrants in the last grade of primary education, regardless of age, expressed as a percentage of the population at the theoretical entrance age to the last grade of primary.
ILO technical assistance project detailing the policies, strategies, and results required to make progress toward the goal of decent work for all. A high ratio indicates a high degree of current primary education completion.
For more information, please see the "Children's Work and Education Statistics: Sources and Definitions" section of this report. For more iniformation on sources used, the definition of working children and other indicators used in this report, please see the "Children's Work and Education Statistics: Sources and Definitions" in the Reference Materials section of this report.
The Sri Lanka Army (Sinhala: ශ්රී ලංකා යුද්ධ හමුදාව Shri Lanka Yuddha Hamudāva; Tamil: இலங்கை இராணுவம் Ilankai iraṇuvam) is the oldest and largest of the Sri Lanka Armed Forces and is the nation's army.
Established as the Ceylon Army in 1949, it was renamed when Sri Lanka became a republic in 1972.