One of the Moors Murderers who was convicted, in May 1966, of murdering three children between 19.He was convicted just six months after the abolition of the death penalty, and less than two years after final executions in Britain.There are now believed to be at least 68 prisoners currently serving whole life sentences in England and Wales.
The convictions of Brady and Hindley came just six months after the abolition of the death penalty, and less than two years after the last execution in Britain - although more than 10 years had passed since the last execution of a woman in Britain.
In 1986, she and Brady confessed to two more murders and returned to the moors to help police find the body of one of the victims, although the final body has still not been found.
In 2008, Neilson lost an appeal to have his tariff reduced to 30 years.
He remained in prison until his death three years later, having served 35 years.
From 1985 until his death he was held in a mental hospital and was on long-term hunger strike, which led to him being force-fed through a tube. The body of one of his victims, 12-year-old Keith Bennett, remains undiscovered on the Moor, despite Brady's and Hindley's own heavily guarded efforts to locate the remains themselves after they admitted two further murders in 1986; they did, however, guide police to the buried body of 16-year-old Pauline Reade in 1987.
In 2006, Brady wrote to Keith Bennett's mother to claim he remembered enough to be taken to within 20 yards of the grave, but was not permitted to do so.
She was hit over the head with a paving stone and sexually assaulted.
Sharon Mosoph, 17, was murdered in March 1976, and dumped in the Rochdale Canal at Failsworth, Oldham.
Lord Longford, who died just over a year before Hindley, regularly condemned the media for their "exploitation" of Ann West, mother of one of the victims, who gave regular newspaper and television interviews to argue against any suggestion of release from prison, and vowed to kill Hindley if she ever was released.
Her death left only Rosemary West (jailed for life for 10 murders in 1995) as a confirmed female prisoner serving a whole-life tariff, until the addition of Joanne Dennehy, in 2014.
Straffen was reprieved from a death sentence owing to learning difficulties, and instead remained in prison for the rest of his life.