These settlers attempted to sway votes in favor of slavery.
Kansas Territory stretched all the way to the Continental Divide and included the sites of present-day Denver, Colorado Springs, and Pueblo.
Missouri and Arkansas sent settlers into Kansas all along its eastern border.
The geographic center of Kansas is in Barton County.
Kansas is underlain by a sequence of horizontal to gently westward dipping sedimentary rocks.
In 1827, Fort Leavenworth became the first permanent settlement of white Americans in the future state.
The Kansas–Nebraska Act became law on May 30, 1854, establishing Nebraska Territory and Kansas Territory, and opening the area to broader settlement by whites.
For thousands of years, what is now Kansas was home to numerous and diverse Native American tribes.
Tribes in the eastern part of the state generally lived in villages along the river valleys.
Many African Americans also looked to Kansas as the land of "John Brown" and, led by freedmen like Benjamin "Pap" Singleton, began establishing black colonies in the state.
Leaving southern states in the late 1870s because of increasing discrimination, they became known as Exodusters.
Directly presaging the American Civil War, these forces collided, entering into skirmishes that earned the territory the name of Bleeding Kansas.