This papyrus was copied by an unknown scribe (around 1850 B. It contains 25 mathematics problems involving simple “equations” and solutions. The problem that generates the most interest is the calculation of the volume of a truncated pyramid (a square based pyramid with the top portion removed). E.) who claimed it was obtained from another document written about 2000 B. It contains over 80 problems and solutions as well as a table of decomposition of fractions of the form 2/n. E., a natural catastrophe occurred in the area around Crete which, according to the famous Greek archaeologist Spyridon Marinatos, eventually led to the collapse of the mighty Minoan civilization.

The Egyptians seemed to know the formula for this even though this is a difficult formula to derive. Ahmes may well be the earliest “named” person in the history of mathematics. Modern geological research has proved this theory to be correct.

For about 4500 years it was the tallest building in the world. There is much speculation on exactly how this pyramid and its companions were actually constructed. They used a vertical wedge to represent a unit and a sidewys wedge to represent ten units.

It appears that rather than contradict each other, the tale of Aeneas adds to that of Romulus and Remus. This agrees very closely to the established legend that Rome was founded on 21 April 753 B. He is also credited by some historians with being the “Father of deductive geometry.” Thales is usually credited with five theorems of elementary geometry: A circle is bisected by any diameter. The mathematikoi lived permanently with the Society, had no personal possessions and were vegetarians.

Archaeological evidence shows that early settlement of the Palatine Hill dates back to about 750 B. The base angles of an isosceles triangle are equal. They were taught by Pythagoras himself and obeyed strict rules set down by Pythagoras. E.) Zeno was an Eleatic philosopher and was a favorite disciple of Parmenides.

The Rhind Papyrus (AKA the Ahmes Papyrus) is named after the Scottish collector, Henry Rhind, who acquired it in 1858. Catastrophe in Crete (Three dates are reported: 1380, 1450, 1628 B. The catastrophe was the eruption, and resulting tsunamis, of the Satorini Volcano (also known as Thera) in the Aegean Sea.

This eruption is considered to be one of the largest in the last 10,000 years and is the probable cause of the end of the Minoan civilization.

The axle rotated against the bed of the vehicle and this probably helped round the axles.

The Great Pyramid was built by the Egyptian pharaoh Khufu (also known as Cheops) of the Fourth Dynasty around the year 2500 BCE to serve as a tomb for when he died.The site was first prepared by leveling the surface and then blocks of stone were transported and placed.It was finished with an outer casing which was used to smooth the surface. Some interesting data: it is 756 feet long on each side, 480 feet high and is composed of approximately 2,300,000 blocks of stone, each averaging 2 1/2 tons in weight. This is a positional number system based on sixty, rather than ten.All of what we know of Pythagoras and his followers come from commentators who lived a hundred years of more later, since it appears that all knowledge and information was passed on orally. This empire lasted for over two centuries until it was divided by the successors of Alexander the Great. Four of the paradoxes were to have a significant impact on the development of mathematics. E) Under the leadership of the statesman Pericles, Greece reached the height of its glory in the 5th century BCE.What has become evident is that Pythagoras and his followers were considered to be, among other things, pure mathematicians. An interesting discussion of these can be found at Hippocrates of Chios (470 – 410 B. E.) Hippocrates of Chios was an excellent geometer who taught in Athens. Pericles was born to a family of wealth and position.If the Sumerians wanted to represent our number 10,884, they would put three closely spaced vertical wedges followed by a space and then one vertical wedge followed by a space and finally two sideways wedges and four vertical wedges closely spaced to each other. The Rhind Papyrus is located in the British Museum.