Technically, there was no such thing as the Jolana or Resonet guitar companies.The names were only labels used on certain guitars by one big mother company, regardless of where they were actually built.The year was 1953, the city was Blatna, and the company was the Drevokov Cooperative.
No until the Velvet Revolution in 1989 were there any new opportunities for private enterprise. The Ministry of Industry of the Czechoslovak Republic established one big national company called CSHN (Ceskoslovenske Hudebni Nastroje, meaning Czechoslovak Musical Instruments) and set a production plan: so many acoustic guitars from this factory, so many electric guitars from that factory, and so on.
As we will see, Jolana wasn't the only Czech guitar brand.
Under this centralization, the identities of the original companies became blurred into one faceless mass, and the lack of surviving records only adds to the confusion.
That is why some Jolana guitars are marked "Krnov" and others "Horovice", for example, and that is why it is so difficult to reconstruct the history timeline today. the Grazioso (original ad from Melody Maker magazine c. We do know exactly how the first Czech electric guitar came about.
Dopyera and his family emigrated from Slovakia in 1908 and settled in Los Angeles.
In a quest for increased volume during the pre-electric era, Dopyera invented the resophonic (resonator) guitar.
There were over fifty different companies producing musical instruments in Czechoslovakia before World War II.
Czechoslovakia's biggest contribution to American guitar building was of course made by John Dopyera.
Since then, a lot of new information has come to light, enough to dedicate this third installment of "Guitars Of The Cold War" exclusively to guitars built in Czechoslovakia. The Czech Republic has a rich musical instrument building heritage.
The Bohemia region is renowned for string instrument manufacture.
When I wrote my original article about Eastern European guitars [Guitars of the Cold War, Vintage Guitar Magazine, January 2002], I was still in the process of researching the roots of these instruments.