These were: In addition to the psychological characteristics described above, Whitty also looked at whether age, gender educational level and knowledge of cybersecurity, would predict an individual’s likelihood of being scammed.
10,723 were not victims of scams, 728 were one-off victims, with 329 being repeat victims.
From these there were 200 who had been scammed via a romance scam.
In addition to the promise of a great relationship, the victims of romance scams are often promised wealth.
However, in the current study, a person’s level of greed or their perception of their own trustworthiness did not predict their susceptibility to being scammed.
The victim has no time to carefully consider the scammer’s monetary request or their own response, and this is therefore the reason as to why impulsive individuals are more likely to fall victim to this tactic.
Secondly, respondents who scored high on trust in others were more likely to be the victims of dating scams.Yet contrary to this prediction, the results of this study found that less kind people are more likely to be scam victims.It could be that less kind individuals have fewer social networks (presumably as a result of being less kind), and therefore focus more of their time on the fake relationship created by scammers and thus fall victim.One of the tactics employed by the scammer is the creation of a sense of urgency to respond to their request (e.g.relaying the story of an emergency requiring rapid and urgent help).In terms of educational level, it would have seemed likely that less educated people might have fallen victim to scams compared to better educated people.