"So kill 'em all, and if it's four less niggers tonight, then good for whoever planted the bomb. Unlike most Deep South towns, there are some Blacks on the Savannah police force and many Blacks are registered to vote. After sit-ins in 1960, lunch counters and some other facilities are integrated, but not restaurants and hotels.
Contents Origins of the March Coalition Politics The March Demands Building the March Fear and Hysteria The Rolling of the Busses Censoring SNCC Marching for Jobs & Freedom Media Coverage Effect of the March For more than two decades, A.
Philip Randolph dreams of a massive march on Washington for jobs and justice.
Hayling leads a mass march of more than 100 adults towards the Old Slave Market on Labor Day. Shortly after the Birmingham church bombing, the KKK led by local white-supremacist "Hoss" Manucy holds a rally and cross-burning in a nearby field. Connie Lynch of the National States Rights Party addresses 300 racists, telling them that the four young girls slain in Birmingham were: ".. Only the arrival of Highway Patrol officers prevent them from being burned alive. In October, a carload of KKK night riders race through Lincolnville shooting into Black homes. Meanwhile, disturbed by Hayling's militancy, the national NAACP removes him as head of the Youth Council.
The police attack, arresting Hayling and 26 others. old enough to have venereal diseases," and were no more human or innocent than rattlesnakes. Hayling, Eubanks, Henry & Kathrine Twine, and other freedom fighters leave the NAACP and contact SCLC for assistance. Mingledorff as Mayor in 1960, and he appoints some Black representatives to city offices.
By early June, the hope that had soared at the time of LBJ's visit is dying.
Nothing has come from the tape-recorded grievances, and so far as the city is concerned, the 400th anniversary celebrations are going to be on a segregated basis. Robert Hayling, a young Black dentist recently arrived in the city, becomes head of the St. He had been active with the Nashville Sitin Movement in 1960 while a dental student at Mehary Medical College, and he announces that unless there is some tangible progress, the young people of St.
Inspired by Birmingham, Savannah demonstrations resume in June of 1963, this time calling for complete desegregation of all facilities.
Three key leaders guide the revitalized Savannah Movement: The Organgeburg's Mayor, City Council, and civic leaders refuse to budge. Protest marches and picketing continue through September and into October.
To forestall Randolph's march, President Roosevelt issued Executive Order 8802 (later known as the Fair Employment Act) which outlawed racial discrimination in the national defense industry.
This was the first federal action ever taken against racially-biased employment practices.
After fruitless efforts to meet and negotiate, and with Claflin and South Carolina State College students returning from summer vacation, the OFM initiates large-scale direct action protests. In one week, 1,350 students from the two colleges and Wilkinson High School are arrested.