Dominique Driver delves into the UK governments current policy on the use of reproductive technologies, and asks how the public in the UK feels about sex selection.
However, he says, there may be an argument for sex selection in some circumstances. If the parents are obsessed enough to try and have a child of a particular sex, it may be in the child's best interest to make sure it is the sex that is desired."Dr Savulescu argues there may be a case for differential application of sex selection technologies.
They may be less appropriate in countries like India and China, where it may be better to try and reduce systematic discrimination against females rather than the number of females born, he says.
However they steered clear of recommending the more controversial uses of sex selection, such as in helping rebuild a family that has suffered the loss of a child, or to support economic, cultural or social preferences for one gender over the other.
These are often considered more problematic because of the possible psychological effects on the families, the view that these practices may be sexually discriminating, and the potential they have to skew the gender ratio in certain communities.
Founded in 1998, Apne Aap Women’s Collective is an anti-trafficking organization that serves the women and children of Kamathipura, the red light area of Mumbai that is also one of the largest and oldest red light areas in Asia.
We operate three programs: Umeed for women in brothel-based prostitution (ages 18 ), Udaan for daughters of Umeed members and other girls living in the red light area (ages 5-18), and Umang for toddlers of Umeed members and other children living in the red light area (ages 2.5-5 yrs).
The use of PGD for sex selection is legal in the US, though, the American Society for Reproductive Medicine (ASRM) and the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists (ACOG) have openly stated their opposition to using PGD in this way.
Across the Atlantic, at the UK front, social sex selection is currently banned and the Human Fertility and Embryology Authority (HFEA) who regulate the all reproductive technology will only licence PGD for serious medical conditions.
There are two major types of pre-implantation methods which can be used for sex selection.
The stand is a relaxation of an earlier position, which held that the use of IVF and pre-implantation genetic diagnosis for the sole purpose of sex selection should be "discouraged" because it holds the risk of "unwarranted gender bias, social harm and the diversion of medical resources from genuine medical need". He argues that objections to medically assisted sex selection based on possible harm to the child, the parents, or society, are not compelling, particularly in Australia.
Parents should be able to choose the sex of their children, whether its to increase the chances of them having a healthy child or simply because they want to.