But it has been conceived to be impracticable to civilize the Indians of North America – This opinion is probably more convenient than just.in efforts to "civilize" or otherwise assimilate Native Americans (as opposed to relegating them to reservations), adopted the practice of assimilating Native American children in current American culture, which was at the time largely based on rural agriculture, with some small towns and few large cities.
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In numerous ways, they were encouraged or forced to abandon their Native American identities and cultures. Since those years, tribal nations have increasingly insisted on community-based schools and have also founded numerous tribal colleges and universities.
Community schools have also been supported by the federal government through the BIA and legislation. By 2007, most of the schools had been closed down and the number of Native American children in boarding schools had declined to 9,500.
I rejoice, brothers, to hear you propose to become cultivators of the earth for the maintenance of your families.
Be assured you will support them better and with less labor, by raising stock and bread, and by spinning and weaving clothes, than by hunting.
Yet see how much more we have multiplied by industry, and the exercise of that reason which you possess in common with us.
Follow then our example, brethren, and we will aid you with great pleasure ... Andrew White of the Society of Jesus established a mission in what is now the state of Maryland, and the purpose of the mission, stated through an interpreter to the chief of a Native American tribe there, was "to extend civilization and instruction to his ignorant race, and show them the way to heaven." including the daughter of the Pascatoe chief Tayac.
Other schools were created in the East, where Indian reservations were less common than they became in the late nineteenth century in western states.
West of the Mississippi, schools near indigenous settlements and on reservations were first founded by religious missionaries, who believed they could extend education and Christianity to Native Americans.
Some of their efforts were part of the progressive movement after the Civil War.
As Native Americans were forced onto reservations following the Indian Wars, missionaries founded additional schools with boarding facilities, as children were enrolled very far from their communities and were not permitted to travel home or receive parental visitation.
The Civilization Fund Act of 1819 promoted this civilization policy by providing funding to societies (mostly religious) who worked on Native American education, often at schools established in or near Native American communities.