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In British English usage, the term Asians usually refers to people with roots in South Asia, essentially the Indian subcontinent.
The second wave occurred in the 1970s mainly from East Africa.
The later communities included those from Guyana, Trinidad and Tobago, Mauritius and Fiji.
In Scotland, all of these tick-boxes were grouped together under an "Asian, Asian Scottish or Asian British " heading, and in Northern Ireland no broad headings were used, just tick-boxes for each of the Asian groups.
The 2011 Census questionnaire was more consistent with regard to the grouping of Asian ethnicities, such that Indian, Pakistani, Bangladeshi, Chinese and any other Asian background options appeared under a broad "Asian/Asian British" ("Asian, Asian Scottish or Asian British" in Scotland) heading in all parts of the UK.
The reason for this is because they do not expect outsiders to be well informed about dialects.
The unemployment rate among Indian men was only slightly higher than that for White British or White Irish men, 7 per cent compared with 5 per cent for the other two groups.
A major influx of Asian immigrants also took place following the expulsion of Indian communities (then holders of British passports) from Uganda in the early 1970s.
In Britain, the word "Asian" usually refers specifically to people of South Asian ancestry (Pakistanis, Indians, Bangladeshis and Sri Lankans).
The last wave of migration began in the 1990s and included Tamil refugees from Sri Lanka and professionals including doctors and software engineers from India.