At this time the Red Army was already a huge and powerful body but after October, 1917, Bolsheviks faced with many difficulties, including the collapse of the army. 15, No 9, A chronicle of cryptography: In 1918, the German inventor Arthur Scherbius and his close friend Richard Ritter developed a cryptographic machine called Enigma. Enigma was contained in a compact box measuring only 13,5 - 11 - 6 inches. By Wayne Madsen, Covert Action Quarterly 63, : "...
to: Mikhail Heller and Alexander Nekrich, 'Utopia in Power', London 1986, p. Lenin had hiding place there in period July - October 10th, 1917 , edition of 19, p. Originally called AB Cryptoteknik and founded by Arvid Gerhard Damm in Stockholm in 1920, the firm manufactured the C-36 mechanical cryptograph machine that Damm had patented. Cryptoteknik came under the control of Boris Hagelin, an early investor (1921, Boris Hagelin developed his first cipher machine whilst working for crypto-company Damm in Sweden; 1935 he produced a fully mechanical machine under his own brand name A. Shortly before WWII, he developed the M-209 for the American Army.
57 - 58: he was known to sphere of Petersburg high society, Polish "old nobleman", secret chieftain of socialists; he concealed of Trocki - Bronstein in Petersburg A. 1905 and also directed Chrustalow - Nosar or Chrustalov - Nosari in 1905. After the war the company moved to Switzerland where they traded as Hagelin Cryptos. to: and during the War essentially operated in the United States ...
He was in command of the 176th Perevolochensky Regiment, based at Chernigov in 1914 and had known Russian aviator Pyotr Nesterov. Otto Heinrich von Gernet (1780 Reval - 1848) and 3. 1840, from Ridala Parish, Lne County, Estonia - her father Kustas Dunkel b. In the early 1950s, it was transferred from Stockholm to Zug (close to Luzern / Lucerna) ... Crypto AG has a sister company, Info Guard AG (Info Guard AG, a member of 'The Crypto Group', has specialised in providing comprehensive information security for more than 130 countries), acc. Boris Hagelin had created the 'Hagelin-machine', a encryption device similar to the German 'Enigma' Charles Babbage, b.
The chief of staff and deputy commander of the Russian Northern Front and Mikhail Dmitriyevich Bonch - Bruyevich was the military director of the Supreme Military Council and chief of general field staff of the Red Army (field staff of the Revolutionary Military Council) in 1918 - 1919. Hans Moritz von Gernet born 1775 died 1860 (his son Adam Oskar von Gernet 1834 in Reval - 1908 in Reval - and his son: Moritz Nikolai Oswald von Gernet born 1867 Sallenstad - d. 1791, an English polymath, had recommendations from James Ivory and John Playfair, achieved notable results in cryptography, 1850s Babbage broke Vigenere's autokey cipher; Friedrich Kasiski, a Prussian infantry officer, made the same discovery some years later.
On May 13, 1937, he was arrested..." All on the life of the noble Konstantinovich family in tsarist Russia 1772 to 1918. Her father Levan Bagration-Gruzinsky, born Moscow 1739, or 1730 acc. He was in 1753 married to Alexandra Yakovlevna Sibirsky b. Her grandfather Bakar I King of Kartli, born Kutaisi 1700, married Anna Eristavi of Aragvi b. Her great-grandfather Vakhtang VI King ofin Negine in the Kiev government or in Perejaslaw-Chmelnyzkyj, d.
The Duflon and Konstantinovich Company 1892 - 1918 in tsarist Russia. Above named Anna Bagration-Gruzinskaja of Mukhrani born 1753, died in Moscow, February of 1812, married Alexander Petrovich Dadiani b. 1843, his parents: Count Christian Louis Casimir of Sayn-Wittgenstein-Ludwigsburg and his first wife Countess Amalie Ludowika Finck von Finckenstein. He was married two times: to Amalie Ludowika Finck von Finckenstein and to Anna Petrovna Dolgorukova. 04 November 1854 died 7 September 1936; 5 October 1858 was born Pietr Nikolajevich Trubeckoj and b.and a later step-by-step telegraph system in 1847 ... In 1842 tests were made with optical telegraph at night. In 1921, a special department was founded by the government, for exploitation of gave a classification of ciphers which do not propagate distortions. In 1883, the French teacher and writer Auguste Kerckhoffs set forth six basic requirements of cryptography. Boris Hagelin in 1922 was appointed to represent their interests in the company. Belyamin as the company's chairman of the board ... In spring 1917, Hagelin travelled to Baku, continuing onboard the K. was born in 1892, in Adschikent, a small summer resort. My Swedish activities were transferred to CRYPTO AG, and since the name 'Hagelin Cryptos' had already become well known before i World War II the enterprise grew so fast that in 1966 a new manufacturing and administration building was built in Zug - Steinhausen". The priority of this case belonged to the German entrepreneur V.manufactured the rotating mirror Fizeau-Foucault apparatus ... In 1845 test of electrical telegraph was made along the railway route, the Breguet two - needle telegraph, too. Aleksandr Osipovich Gelfond investigated the complexity of the discrete logarithm problem. By 1860 large codes were in common use for diplomatic communications, and cipher systems had become a rarity for this application. 1802, developed the Playfair Code, a table system that was easy to use. He formulated procedures for long-term diplomatic codes. 1925 when Damme moved to Paris to collaborate with the telegraph companies (Breguet-Brown), Boris Hagelin headed the firm. In 1906, he was appointed Swedish consul general in St. His father was a Swede, who had been born in St Petersburg in 1860. Damm also constructed purely mechanical machine which printed both the plaintext and the ciphertext. Damm aimed to interest the large telegraph companies in his machine. Gabrilovich established in Petrograd, the Universal Russian company of radio - telegraph, radio - telephone and electric devices (VRKR). Siemens who in 1853 founded in the Russian capital firm called 'Trading House of Siemens and Halske' were performed under a government orders a series of telegraph lines.With the beginning of the 1st World War, in fact, led the fleet of Russia. Fetterlein began work for the British intelligence in June 1918; he was recruited to Room 40 to work on Georgian, Austrian and Bolshevik codes. But we know that in the early 1920s, the Russian section of the British decryption service taken Ernest Fetterleyn, since 1897 leading cryptanalyst for the Committee of tsarist Foreign Ministry, in reading a diplomatic correspondence of hostile states. His brother: Magnus Friedrich von Gernet 1824 died October 22, 1909 in Reval / Tallinn, Estonia - and his son: on October 31, 1882 d. 1758 / 1763, died in 1806, who founded a high quality clock factory in Stockholm in 1783". Arne Beurling and the success of Swedish signals intelligence, edited by Bo Hugemark, Probus Frlag, Stockholm 1992. Swedish intelligence services in the modern sense of the word had indeed been already established in the beginning of this century.In 1915, Admiral, with the December 1916 field inspector - general of military aircraft; after February 1917 was in the Crimea, and in 1919 went into exile. After the end of World War I, he worked for the Government Code and Cypher School - worked on Soviet Communist traffic; his brother, P. Fetterlein, also worked for the Government Code and Cypher School. on August 8, 1943 in Spartacus village, Pavlodar area, Kazakhstan. During the Russian-Japanese War, in the defense of Port Arthur 1904, during the First World War he served in the Black Sea 1916. The armed forces intelligence service had increased in 1905, during the Union crises, and in the First World War.Originally Prussian Abraham Louis Breguet began his career as a watchmaker but also a physicist. His ancestry was French but his family were Protestants so they fled to Switzerland after Edict of Nantes in 1685. Circa 1807 Breguet brought in his son, Louis-Antoine (born 1776) as a business partner, and from this point the firm became known as Breguet et Fils. , after Russian revolution, cryptographers took the counterrevolution side. 1899, Carl Hagelin was appointed director and moved with his family to St. 1915, Boris Caesar Wilhelm Hagelin began his career in Vasteras in the Swedish electrical company ASEA, supplier of equipment for the Nobels. Hagelin's last attempt to enter Russia via Constantinople failed and on 3 July 1920 he was forced to return to Stockholm. he, together with Immanuel Nobel / Emmanuel Nobel / Lyudvigovich Emanuel Nobel b. After World War II the need for ciphered telegraph transmission became obvious. Gretener, but later established a small independent laboratory.