The Greeks even had a pejorative expression for these people, whom were called kinaidoi.
They were the targets of ridicule by the other citizens, especially comedy writers.
There are many sources of evidence: lyrical poetry, vases, statues, myths, philosophical treatises, speeches, inscriptions, medical texts, tragedies, comedies, curses (example), and anecdotes in which homosexual practices are mentioned, lauded, ignored, and sometimes discouraged.
A man's forehead was not supposed to be too high, the nose had to be straight, and he had to have a projecting lower lip, a round chin, hawk eyes, and hair like a lion.
His genitals had to be small; men with big penises looked like monkeys.) There are several pictures of boys courting boys, boys playing sexual games, and adult men having intercourse.
He showed his affection with little presents, like animals (a hare or cock), but also pieces of meat, a disk, a bottle of oil, a garland, a toy, or money.
This type of love affair was, according to this modern theory, based upon (sexual) reciprocity.
There are, indeed, a great many pictures on vases that show how an older lover, the erastes, courts a boy, the eromenos.
They appear not to be of the same age: the erastes has a beard and plays an active role, whereas the adolescent has no beard and remains passive.Meanwhile, however, this image of "pedagogical pederasty" has been challenged by a series of important publications like Charles Hupperts' thesis Eros Dikaios (2000).It is now clear that homosexuality was not restricted to pederasty, and that we have to study our evidence more carefully.The sixth-century Athenian poet Theognis, for example, complains about his lover's fickleness and promiscuity. Even when he pretends to shy away, he does not protest and does not obstruct his lover's attempt to court him.Another objection to the traditional reconstruction of Athenian homosexuality is that there is simply no evidence that the presents shown on vases had any pedagogic or didactic value. It also appears that the difference in age did not really matter. (The ancient ideal of male beauty: broad shoulders, large chest, muscles, a wasp's waist, protruding buttocks, big thighs, long calfs.Those scholars who prefer the historical approach are convinced that pederasty originates in Dorian initiation rites.