• In the East - Muslims accused Christians of idolatry due to icons • Emperor Leo III and Eastern Bishops looked to destroy icons and in 730 ordered all images removed from Christian churches. Patriarchal Church System • Here the Greek church stopped, and is governed to this day by a hierarchical oligarchy of patriarchs equal in rank and jurisdiction a. The sacerdotal view of the ministry becomes prominent and fixed c. Just as the Waldensians are the most persecuted of all protestant denominations, the Coptic Christians of Egypt are the most persecuted of ALL Christian denominations, period.• John, Bishop of Damascus, stated that God is in the icons as much as Christ is in the Lord's supper. Founded by John-Mark (author of the "Gospel of Mark") in the first century A. Chalcedon – Emperor Marcion & Leo, Bishop of Rome 451 AD – 600 Bishopsi.
• The western church claimed they were just giving reverence to what/whom the icons stood for. The exclusive unity of the Catholic church develops itself in opposition to heretics and schismatics.
Pagans saw this as an identical worship practice as their own and struggled to convert. Perhaps the most amazing, strong, and devout followers of Christ on the earth.
Constantinople III - Called by Constantine IV - 680 AD - over 200 Bishops i. Monothelitism now condemned by "Pope" Leo II - would diminish Christ's humanity (how can He be tempted as we are if his will is divine? Diothelitism officially affirmed-2 natures 2 wills perfect unityg.
Nicaea II - 787 AD (Media - Paul Icon; 12th century Icon) i.
Began as a “commercial” venture to repay dept to Venetians by killing Muslims 3.
Innocent III forbade violence by the Crusaders against their Christian brothers 4.
Lauer, Marriage and Family: The Quest for Intimacy, Copyright 1991, The Mc Graw-Hill Companies, Inc., reprinted by special permission in Together Forever, Aid Association for Lutherans, Appleton, WI, 1997, p.
Quoted in Together Forever, Aid Association for Lutherans, Appleton, WI, 1997, pp.
-This led to his removal as Bishop by Emperor Leo III • This controversy would continue for another 300 years and was largely an "Eastern" church issue as the majority of Eastern Churches supported the use of icons - Popes Gregory I and II opposed the Byzantine Emperor & issued anathemas against them3. 2 - organization and discipline of the early church a. D., this church flourished under the authority of the Eastern Church (later to become the Eastern Orthodox church in 1054).
At the council of Chalcedon, when the Western "Roman" church began to over reach its authority.
This little group of believers was wrongly accused of monophysitism (the Christology that claims that Jesus has one combined nature of God and man).