In memory, the site is today known as Shahr-i-Gholghola (the "City of Screams").
View of surrounding farmlands from within the caves at the "Large Buddha" in Bamyan.
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The Buddha statue in this cave as well as in another - both dating to the sixth century A. - were frequently visited and described over the centuries by travelers on the Silk Road.
Both statues were destroyed by the Taliban in 2001.
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Once a citadel housing about 3,000 people, it was destroyed by the Mongols in the 13th century.
The invaders also leveled the nearby city that the fortress had protected and massacred all its inhabitants (possibly 150,000) and animals.
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